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Aid topics Development issues Investment priorities Aid risk management. Where we give aid. How we measure performance Performance management and results The Office of Development Effectiveness. Humanitarian action Where and how Australia provides emergency assistance.

Australia now A celebration of Australia delivered in a country or region of strategic significance. Australia Global Alumni. Links through sport Sport for development Major sporting events Connecting people through sport. Australian Volunteers Program. Soft Power Review Ensuring Australia continues to build soft power and exercise influence effectively. About Australia. Travel advice To help Australians avoid difficulties overseas, we maintain travel advisories for more than destinations. Travel advice for countries and events. Passports The Australian Passport Office and its agents are committed to providing a secure, efficient and responsive passport service for Australia.

Australian Passport Office. Register your travel plans The information you provide will help us contact you in an emergency. Register your travel plans. Visas Visas for Australians travelling overseas Visas to visit Australia. Overview Human trafficking and the large-scale exploitation of migrant workers across Southeast Asia undermine the rule of law and threaten the region's stability. By promoting regular migration within the region, Australia can help divert money from criminal networks, including those linked to people smuggling and trafficking.

Australian aid in Southeast Asia works to build the capacity of partner governments to promote safe and legal labour migration. Our programs also combat the exploitation of migrant workers, which leads to human rights violations, distorts global markets and undermines the rule of law. Trafficking in persons is a serious crime that affects the human rights, dignity and integrity of all its victims including women, men, and children in the Association of Southeast Asia Nation ASEAN region.

ASEAN has made efforts to fight human trafficking through inter alia the establishment of regional counter-human trafficking laws and human rights bodies to establish best norms and practices for its member countries. It offers suggestions for the reform of ASEAN's anti-trafficking laws and for the creation of a regional anti-trafficking human rights body specialized in preventing human trafficking, promoting equal protection of all trafficking victims, and prosecuting human traffickers.

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Asean And Human Trafficking Case Studies Of Cambodia Thailand And Vietnam

Significant illegal migration to Thailand presents traffickers with opportunities to coerce or defraud undocumented migrants into involuntary servitude or sexual exploitation. Thailand is a destination country for many illegal immigrants from neighboring countries for better-paying jobs. Four key sectors of the Thai economy fishing, construction, commercial agriculture, and domestic work rely heavily on undocumented Burmese migrants and other ethnic minority groups from Myanmar, including children, as cheap and exploitable labourers. Thailand is also a source country of laborers because many Thai workers are sent abroad to Taiwan, Malaysia, United States, the Middle East, etc.

Finally, Thailand is considered a transit country. Thailand is in the center of South-East Asia, a convenient location for traffickers to transit victims to other countries. For this reason, Bangkok is the hub for many Chinese human traffickers who transport captives and illegal migrants from Thailand to destinations around the world such as the US, Europe, Australia, etc. The Government of Thailand does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it claims to be making efforts to do so.

In November , the Thai National Legislative Assembly passed a new comprehensive anti-trafficking law which the Thai government reported would take effect in June Tier 3 is reserved for those nations whose governments do not fully comply with minimum human trafficking abatement efforts and are not making significant efforts to comply with those standards.

The edition of the Trafficking in Persons Report retains the Tier 3 designation of Thailand first assigned in the report. The report states, "The Government of Thailand does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking, and is not making significant efforts to do so. A detailed study of the motives, practices, and context surrounding the use of forced labour on Thai boats was published by the International Organization for Migration IOM in Tier 3 nations are defined as those, "Countries whose governments do not fully comply with the TVPA's minimum standards and are not making significant efforts to do so.

In the view of some, little progress has been made. On the heels of critical reports of human trafficking and violence against fishermen in and , the European Union EU issued Thailand a "yellow card" warning over its illegal, unreported, and unregulated IUU fishing practices. This threatened an EU ban on Thailand's EU seafood exports if it failed to clean up its fishing industry.

The Thai government opposed these actions, [24] but it vowed to do better. In his Friday night "Returning Happiness to the Thai People" address of 27 March on national television, Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha vowed to put an end to human trafficking in the Thai fishing industry "for once and for all". Prayut was quoted as saying, "If such abuses of fellow humans continue, I will instruct that they should not be allowed to do any business any longer in Thailand and they must be punished," Gen Prayut said. How can you take advantage of other people? It is time to abide by the law.

On the same day, Prayut ordered all fishing vessels to be equipped with GPS to prevent them from illegally operating in other countries' fishing zones. The deputy premier was appraised of issues in the fishing sector such as a shortage of workers. The association president also pointed out that there are not enough ATMs available to pay wages to fishing workers. The government of Thailand responded immediately to the HRW report.

The Thai ambassador to Belgium delivered a statement citing the kingdom's efforts to pass legislation on worker protection. According to him the report relies on information from and cited references as old as that no longer reflect the current situation. Thailand's sex industry is a human trafficking destination. The Thai government identified trafficking victims of all types in , up from in At least of the were victims of sex trafficking.

Nineteen more were rescued in the first three months of The Bank of Thailand estimates that, as of [update] , 1,, Thais worked overseas. The number of Thais registered as working overseas is only , Human traffickers sometimes take advantage of those working abroad. Many Thai people seek easy, but illegal, ways to work in other countries. That makes them easier targets for traffickers, and vulnerable to being taken advantage of by bad employers.

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Since , Thailand has become a "source country" for coerced sex workers. Full data is not yet available for , but Indian authorities said 40 Thai women were rescued from massage parlors acting as fronts for prostitution in Mumbai and Pune in the first half of Another 34 Thai women were rescued later in from massage parlors and spas in Hyderabad.


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A Reuters investigation that was published on 5 December brought the exploitation of the Rohingyas into the world's attention. Many Rohingya refugees who escaped from the political oppression in Myanmar were stuck at Thai immigration or were captured along the shore or had their boats pushed back into sea. Corrupt Thai immigration officials secretly supplied refugees from Burma to trafficking rings. Unwanted refugees were sold into slavery, held hostage for ransom, or brutally murdered along the Myanmar or Malaysian borders.

If their relatives did not have money, the refugees would be sent to shipping companies or farms for manual labour. In March , allegedly Uyghur people who had fled China due to the ongoing Xinjiang conflict , were also freed by Thai police from a human trafficking camp. Prevention is a strategy that seeks to reduce the risk of people getting trafficked. It is mainly used as a way to combat trafficking in countries that do not have an adequate criminal justice system.

Regional Responses to Human Trafficking in Southeast Asia and Australasia | SpringerLink

Thai government law enforcement efforts to reduce domestic demand for illegal commercial sex acts and child sex tourism have been limited to occasional police raids to shut down operating brothels. At the same time, awareness-raising campaigns targeting tourists were conducted by the government to reduce the prevalence of child sex tourism and prostituted children. The Thai government also cooperated with numerous foreign law enforcement agencies in arresting and deporting foreign nationals found to have been engaging in child sex tourism. In , the Thai government disseminated brochures and posts in popular tourist areas such as Chiang Mai , Ko Samui , Pattaya , and Phuket warning tourists of severe criminal charges for the procurement of minors for sex.

In April , Thailand faced a threat of a trade ban from the European Commission for not taking sufficient measures to combat exploitation in the fishing industry. Specifically, the creation of the Command Centre for Combating Illegal Fishing in May , which addressed illegal, and unregulated fishing, was able to arrest a handful of criminals and rescue about trafficking victims.

In May , the National Legislative Assembly of Thailand—in order to combat child sexual exploitation—amended the Criminal Code of Thailand to criminalize child pornography in May According to the Bill, those that possess child pornography can be held in prison for up to five years, those that distribute it can be held for seven years, and those that produce and trade it can be held up to ten years. In , the Royal Thai Police organized a task force TATIP to combat trafficking in persons in Thailand, consisting of law enforcement officers, social workers and members of non-governmental organizations.

Cambodia's Child Trafficking - Asia's Underworld Part 2 - TRACKS

Their goal is to improve the situation in the law enforcement agencies in the field of the sex industry and labor activity. Many NGO's take a strategic and structural approach to address human trafficking. One of these approaches comes in the form of combating gender dynamics, which is the source of female vulnerability, a trait that makes women easy victims for trafficking.

NGO's take on a role of advocating for women's rights through the improvement of women and girls' education. Educational empowerment can lead to increase in individual incomes, which prevents the women from being forced into trafficking. For example, Thai Women of Tomorrow TWT has created a team of volunteer teachers who teach about the dangers of commercial sex industry and trafficking to local villages.


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Prosecution is bringing the perpetrators and traffickers to trial so that the victims are ensured justice for their case. The Thai government demonstrated some progress in its law enforcement efforts to combat trafficking in persons.