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As with other public schools, [29] a scheme was devised towards the end of the 19th century to familiarise privileged schoolboys with social conditions in deprived areas. However over the years much money was raised for the Eton Mission, a fine church by G. Bodley was erected; many Etonians visited and stimulated among other things the Eton Manor Boys' Club , a notable rowing club which has survived the Mission itself, and the 59 Club for motorcyclists.

Hall were erected in —08 across the road from Upper School as the school's memorial to the Etonians who had died in the Boer War. Many tablets in the cloisters and chapel commemorate the large number of dead Etonians of the Great War. James was a provost. In , the college constructed a nuclear bunker to house the college's provost and fellows. The facility is now used for storage. In , the school was one of fifty of the country's leading independent schools found to have breached the Competition Act see below under "Controversy".

In , plans to attack Eton were found on the body of a senior al-Qaeda leader shot dead in Somalia. The coat of arms of Eton College was granted in by the founder King Henry VI, as recorded as follows on the original charter, attested by the Great Seal of England and preserved in the College archives: [33]. Thus the blazon is: Sable, three lily-flowers argent on a chief per pale azure and gules in the dexter a fleur-de-lys in the sinister a lion passant guardant or.

Although the charter specifies that the lily-flowers relate to the founder's hope for a flourishing of knowledge, that flower is also a symbol for the Virgin Mary , in whose honour the College was founded, with the number of three having significance to the Blessed Trinity. The motto of the College is Floreat Etona "may Eton flourish".

The grant of arms to King's College, Cambridge, is worded identically, but with roses instead of lily-flowers. The school is headed by a provost and fellows board of governors who appoint the head master. It contains 25 boys' houses , each headed by a housemaster , selected from the more senior members of the teaching staff, which numbers some The headmaster is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference and the school is a member of the Eton Group of independent schools in the United Kingdom.

Eton has a long list of distinguished former pupils. In , Boris Johnson became the 20th British prime minister to have attended the school, [36] and the fifth since the end of the Second World War [37] David Cameron was the 19th British prime minister to have attended the school, [38] [39] and recommended that Eton set up a school in the state sector to help drive up standards. Eton has been described as the most famous public school in the world, [41] and has been referred to as "the chief nurse of England's statesmen". Eton has educated generations of British and foreign aristocracy, and for the first time, members of the British royal family in direct line of succession: Prince William and his brother Prince Harry , in contrast to the royal tradition of male education at either naval college or Gordonstoun , or by tutors.

The Good Schools Guide called the school "the number one boys' public school", adding that "The teaching and facilities are second to none. Eton today is a larger school than it has been for much of its history. In , there were boys. In the late 18th century, there were about , while today, the total has risen to over 1, Little said that, in the short term, he wanted to ensure that around pupils per year receive bursaries and that 70 were educated free of charge, with the intention that the number of pupils receiving financial assistance would continue to increase.

Registration at birth, corporal punishment, and fagging have been consigned to the past. This has been attributed to a number of factors, including the dissolution of the house lists, which allowed Old Etonians to register their sons at birth, in , harder entrance examinations as the emphasis on academic attainment increased, a sharp rise in school fees increasingly beyond the means of many UK families, and increased applications from international, often very wealthy, families.

There are three academic terms [49] known as halves [50] in the year:. They are called halves because the school year was once split into two halves, between which the boys went home. One boarding house, College , is reserved for 70 King's Scholars, who attend Eton on scholarships provided by the original foundation and awarded by examination each year; King's Scholars pay up to 90 per cent of full fees, depending on their means.

Of the other pupils, up to a third receive some kind of bursary or scholarship. The original school consisted of the 70 Scholars together with some Commensals and the Scholars were educated and boarded at the foundation's expense. King's Scholars are entitled to use the letters 'KS' after their name and they can be identified by a black gown worn over the top of their tailcoats , giving them the nickname 'tugs' Latin: togati , wearers of gowns ; and occasionally by a surplice in Chapel. The house is looked after by the Master in College. Having succeeded in the examination, they include many of the most academically gifted boys in the school.

As the school grew, more students were allowed to attend provided that they paid their own fees and lived in boarding-houses within the town of Eton, outside the college's original buildings. These students became known as Oppidans, from the Latin word oppidum , meaning "town". Some houses had previously been run by dames without a housemaster. Each house typically contains about 50 boys. Although classes are organised on a school basis, most boys spend a large proportion of their time in their house. Not all boys who pass the college election examination choose to become King's Scholars, which involves living in "College" with its own ancient traditions, wearing a gown, and therefore a degree of separation from the other boys.

If they choose instead to belong to one of the 24 Oppidan houses, they are known as Oppidan Scholars. To gain an Oppidan Scholarship, a boy must have either three distinctions in a row or four throughout his career. Within the school, an Oppidan Scholar is entitled to use the post-nominal letters OS. The Oppidan houses are usually referred to by the initials forenames and surname of their current house-masters, a senior teacher "beak" , or more formally by his surname alone, not by the name of the building in which they are situated.

Houses occasionally swap buildings according to the seniority of the housemaster and the physical desirability of the building. The names of buildings occupied by houses are used for few purposes other than a correspondence address. They are: Godolphin House, Jourdelay's both built as such c. In addition to the house master, each house has a house captain and a house captain of games. Some houses have more than one.

House prefects were once elected from the oldest year, but this no longer happens. The old term, "Library", survives in the name of the room set aside for the oldest year's use, where boys have their own kitchen. Similarly, boys in their penultimate year have a room known as "Debate". These are known as "Prayers", due to their original nature. The house master and boys have an opportunity to make announcements, and sometimes the boys provide light entertainment.

For much of Eton's history, junior boys had to act as "fags", or servants, to older boys. Their duties included cleaning, cooking, and running errands. A Library member was entitled to yell at any time and without notice, "Boy, Up!

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The last boy to arrive was given the task. These practices, known as fagging , were partially phased out of most houses in the s. Captains of house and games still sometimes give tasks to first-year boys, such as collecting the mail from the school office. The School is known for its traditions, including a uniform of black tailcoat or morning coat and black waistcoat , a starched stiff collar and black pinstriped trousers.

Most pupils wear a white " tie " which is a narrow strip of cloth folded over the joint of the collar to hide the collar stud, but some senior boys are entitled to wear a white bow tie and winged collar "Stick-Ups". There are some variations in the school dress worn by boys in authority, see School Prefects and King's Scholars sections.

The long-standing belief that the present uniform was first worn as mourning for the death of King George III in [54] is unfounded. In headmaster Edward Balston , in an interview with the Clarendon Commission , noted little in the way of uniform. Lord Clarendon: One more question, which bears in some degree upon other schools, namely with regard to the dress. The boys do not wear any particular dress at Eton?

Edward Balston: We would not let them wear for instance a yellow coat or any other colour very much out of the way. Lord Clarendon: If they do not adopt anything very extravagant either with respect to colour or cut you allow them to follow their own taste with respect to the choice of their clothes? Edward Balston: Yes.

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The uniform worn today was gradually adopted and standardised towards the end of the nineteenth century. Teachers are known unofficially as "beaks". The pupil to teacher ratio is , [58] which is extremely low by typical UK school standards. Class sizes start at around twenty to twenty-five in the first year and are often below ten by the final year. The original curriculum concentrated on prayers, Latin and devotion, and "as late as no Greek was taught". Later the emphasis was on classical studies , dominated by Latin and Ancient History , and, for boys with sufficient ability, Classical Greek.

From the latter part of the 19th century this curriculum has changed and broadened: [60] for example, there are now more than students of Chinese, which is a non-curriculum course. It used punched tape to store programs.

Today, all boys must have laptop computers, and the school fibre-optic network connects all classrooms and all boys' bedrooms to the internet. The primary responsibility for a boy's studies lies with his House Master, but he is assisted by an additional director of studies, known as a tutor. New blocks of classrooms have appeared every decade or so since New Schools, designed by Henry Woodyer and built — The oldest classroom still in use, "Lower School", dates from the 15th century.

Every evening, about an hour and a quarter, known as Quiet Hour, is set aside, during which boys are expected to study or prepare work for their teachers if not otherwise engaged. This is less formal, with boys being allowed to visit each other's rooms to socialise if neither boy has work outstanding.

The Independent Schools Inspectorate 's latest report says, "The achievement of pupils is exceptional. Progress and abilities of all pupils are at a high level. Pupils are highly successful in public examinations, and the record of entrance to universities with demanding entry requirements in the United Kingdom and overseas is strong. At Eton, there are dozens of organisations known as 'societies', in many of which pupils come together to discuss a particular topic or to listen to a lecture, presided over by a senior pupil, and often including a guest speaker.

Societies tend to come and go, depending on the special enthusiasms of the masters and boys in the school at the time, but some have been in existence for many years. In addition, many subjects and activities have specially endowed prizes, several of which are awarded by visiting experts. The most prestigious is the Newcastle Scholarship , awarded on the strength of an examination, consisting of two papers in philosophical theology, moral theory and applied ethics. Also of note is the Gladstone Memorial Prize and the Coutts Prize, awarded on the results of trials and AS-level examinations in C block Year 12 ; and the Huxley Prize, awarded for a project on a scientific subject.

Prizes are awarded too for excellence in such activities as painting, sculpture, ceramics, playing musical instruments, musical composition, declamation, silverwork, and design. Various benefactions make it possible to give grants each year to boys who wish, for educational or cultural reasons, to work or travel abroad.

These include the Busk Fund, which supports individual ventures that show particular initiative; the C. Wells Memorial Trust Fund, for the promotion of visits to classical lands; the Sadler Fund, which supports, among others, those intending to enter the Foreign Service; and the Marsden Fund, for travel in countries where the principal language is not English. Eton has a well-established system for encouraging boys to produce high-standard work. An excellent piece of work may be rewarded with a "Show Up", to be shown to the boy's tutors as evidence of progress.

If any boy produces an outstanding piece of work, it may be "Sent Up For Good", [77] storing the effort in the College Archives for posterity. This award has been around since the 18th century. As Sending Up For Good is fairly infrequent, the process is rather mysterious to many of Eton's boys. Upon receiving his or her approval, the piece of work will be marked with Sent Up For Good and the student will receive a card to be signed by House Master, tutor and division master.

The opposite of a Show Up is a "Rip". Boys who accumulate rips are liable to be given a "White Ticket", a form of a progress report which must be signed at intervals by all his teachers and may be accompanied by other punishments, usually involving doing domestic chores or writing lines. In recent times, [ when? Internal examinations are held at the end of the Michaelmas half i.

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These internal examinations are called "Trials". A boy who is late for any division or other appointments may be required to sign "Tardy Book", a register kept in the School Office, between am and am, every morning for the duration of his sentence typically three days. For more serious misdeeds, a boy is placed "on the Bill", which involves him being summoned by the sudden entry of a prefect into one of his divisions, who announces in a loud and formal tone that at a given time a certain pupil must attend the office of the Head Master, or Lower Master if the boy is in the lower two years, to talk personally about his misdeeds.

Conversely, should a master be more than 15 minutes late for a class, traditionally the pupils may claim it as a "run" and absent themselves for the rest of its duration, provided they report their intention so to do at the school office. A traditional punishment took the form of being made to copy, by hand, Latin hexameters.

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  • Offenders were frequently set hexameters by Library members, or, for more serious offences, Georgics more than hexameters by their House Masters or the Head Master. Eton used to be renowned for its use of corporal punishment , generally known as "beating".

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    In the 16th century, Friday was set aside as "flogging day". Beating was phased out in the s. The film director Sebastian Doggart claims to have been the last boy caned at Eton, in John Keate , Head Master from to , took over at a time when discipline was poor.

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    Until , offending boys could be summoned to the Head Master or the Lower Master, as appropriate, to receive a birching on the bare posterior, in a semi-public ceremony held in the Library, where there was a special wooden birching block over which the offender was held. Anthony Chenevix-Trench , Head Master from to , abolished the birch and replaced it with caning , also applied to the bare buttocks, which he administered privately in his office. Previously, House Captains were permitted to cane offenders over the seat of the trousers.

    This was a routine occurrence, carried out privately with the boy bending over with his head under the edge of a table. Less common but more severe were the canings administered by Pop see Eton Society below in the form of a "Pop-Tanning", in which a large number of hard strokes were inflicted by the President of Pop in the presence of all Pop members or, in earlier times, each member of Pop took it in turns to inflict a stroke. The culprit was summoned to appear in a pair of old trousers, as the caning would cut the cloth to shreds.

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    This was the most severe form of physical punishment at Eton. Chenevix-Trench's successor from , Michael McCrum , retained private corporal punishment by masters but ended the practice of requiring boys to take their trousers and underwear down when bending over to be caned by the Head Master. By the mids, the only people allowed to administer caning were the Head Master and the Lower Master. In addition to the masters, the following three categories of senior boys are entitled to exercise School discipline. Boys who belong to any of these categories, in addition to a limited number of other boy office holders, are entitled to wear winged collars with bow ties.

    In the era of Queen Elizabeth I there were two praepostors in every form, who noted down the names of absentees. Until the late 19th century, there was a praepostor for every division of the school. Sport is a feature of Eton; there is an extensive network of playing fields. The rowing lake at Dorney was developed and is owned by the College. It was the venue for the rowing and canoeing events at the Summer Olympics and the World Junior Rowing Championships. The annual cricket match against Harrow at Lord's Cricket Ground is the oldest fixture of the cricketing calendar, having been played there since A staple of the London society calendar since the s, [94] in , its importance was such that over 38, people attended the two days' play, and in the match made national headlines.

    There is a running track at the Thames Valley Athletics Centre and an annual steeplechase. Among the other sports played at Eton is Eton Fives. In , Eton College documented its football rules, the first football code to be written down anywhere in the world. In , [98] six years before the London Summer Olympic Games and London Summer Paralympic Games , Eton completed the construction of Dorney Lake , a permanent, eight-lane, 2, metre course about 1. Eton financed the construction from its own funds.

    Officially known throughout the Games as Eton Dorney , Dorney Lake provided training facilities for Olympic and Paralympic competitors, and during the Games, hosted the Olympic and Paralympic Rowing competitions as well as the Olympic Canoe Sprint event. Access to the parkland around the Lake is provided to members of the public, free of charge, almost all the year round. The current "Precentor" Head of Music is Tim Johnson, and the School has eight organs and an entire building for music performance spaces include the School Hall, the Farrer Theatre and two halls dedicated to music, the Parry Hall and the Concert Hall.

    Many instruments are taught, including obscure ones such as the didgeridoo. The School participates in many national competitions; many pupils are part of the National Youth Orchestra , and the School gives scholarships for dedicated and talented musicians. The film followed an Etonian, Alex Stobbs , a musician with cystic fibrosis , as he worked toward conducting the difficult Magnificat by Johann Sebastian Bach. Numerous plays are put on every year at Eton College; there is one main theatre, called the Farrer seating and 2 Studio theatres, called the Caccia Studio and Empty Space seating 90 and 80 respectively.

    There are about 8 or 9 house productions each year, around 3 or 4 "independent" plays not confined solely to one house, produced, directed and funded by Etonians and three school plays, one specifically for boys in the first two years, and two open to all years. The School Plays have such good reputations that they are normally fully booked every night. Productions also take place in varying locations around the School, varying from the sports fields to more historic buildings such as Upper School and College Chapel. On top of this, every three years, the School holds a fringe-style School Play Festival, where students and teachers write, direct and act in their own plays, hosted over the period of a week.

    The most recent one was held in October , which hosted a wide variety of plays, from a double bill of two half an hour plays, to a serialised radio drama, written by a boy in F block the youngest year. Boys from the School are also responsible for the lighting, sound and stage management of all the productions, under the guidance of several professional full-time theatre staff.

    Every year, Eton employs a 'Director-in-Residence', an external professional director on a one-year contract who normally directs one house play and the Lower Boy play a school play open solely to the first two-year groups , as well as teaching Drama and Theatre Studies to most year groups.

    The drama department is headed by Scott Handy taking over from Hailz Osbourne in and several other teachers; Simon Dormandy was on the staff until late Similar to the Queen's Official Birthday , the "Fourth of June" is no longer celebrated on 4 June, but on the Wednesday before the first weekend of June. Eton also observes St. Andrew's Day , on which the Eton wall game is played. The Chronicle is the official school magazine, having been founded in Although liable to censorship, it has a tradition of satirising and attacking school policies, as well as documenting recent events.

    The Connolly Review , founded in , recently replaced The Junior Chronicle as the magazine for "lower boys". The Oppidan , founded in , [] was published once a half; it covered all sport in Eton and some professional events as well, but no longer exists. Under the provisions of the Charities Act , it is now an excepted charity , and fully registered with the Charities Commission , [] and is now one of the largest charities in the UK. This subsidy has declined since the abolition by the Labour Government of state-funded scholarships formerly known as "assisted places" to independent schools.

    However, no child attended Eton on this scheme, meaning that the actual level of state assistance to the School has always been lower. Eton's retiring Head Master, Tony Little, has claimed that the benefits that Eton provides to the local community free of charge use of its facilities, etc. Eton co-sponsors a state sixth-form college, the London Academy of Excellence , opened in in the London Borough of Newham in East London , [] the second most deprived borough in England, [] and just over a mile from the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park , the main venue for London's Summer Olympics.

    In —, it had around pupils and 32 teachers. In September , Eton opened, and became the sole educational sponsor for, Holyport College , a new purpose-built co-educational state boarding and day school that provides free education for around pupils. Psalm Seek his will in all you do and he will how you which path to take. Proverbs Here I am, send me. Isaiah For I walk by faith not by sight. Isaiah When you go through deep waters, I will be with you. Isaiah Bible Verses for High School Graduates As students get ready to head out for college, their high school graduation party may serve as a bittersweet moment.

    The Lord will guide you always. Isaiah For with God nothing shall be impossible. Luke He who walks with wise men will be wise, But the companion of fools will be destroyed. Proverbs But you must really believe it will happen and have no doubt in your heart. Mark Be strong and courageous. Do not be afraid or discouraged. For the Lord your God is with you wherever you go.

    Joshua God has more in store for you than you can even imagine. Ephesians Whatever your hand finds to do do it will all your might. Ecclesiastes He has made everything beautiful in its time. Ecclesiastes Good planning and hard word lead to prosperity. Proverbs Behold I am with you always. Matthew For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also. Luke Bible Verses for College Graduates Remind your college graduate that the future is just beginning and the role faith played in his or her accomplishments.

    Here are a few specific bible verses for college graduates: For he knows where I am going and when He tests me I will come out as pure gold. Job Perhaps this is the moment for which you have been created. Esther Now then stand still and see this great thing the Lord is about to do before your eyes! Proverbs Let your light shine before others. Matthew Be truly glad.

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    There is wonderful joy ahead. Philippians Do nothing from selfish ambition or conceit, but in humility count others more significant than yourselves. Let each of you look not only to his own interests, but also to the interests of others. Philippians Do your best present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who has no need to be ashamed, rightly handing the word of truth.

    Ecclesiastes Short Bible Verses for Grad Caps The following quotes are perfect messages for any graduate with a relationship with God. My future is in your hands. Related Articles. Happy New Year Messages for Explore Graduation Posts. Graduation Announcements.