It will be of interest to forensic mental consultants and evaluators, attorneys, judges, child protective system administrators and workers, and policymakers. Beck and Bruce D. Sales The authors trace the development of the field as well as current mediation practices and take a hard look at the consequences for families and the legal system.
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For families enduring divorce, it is presumed that mediating support, custody and visitation issues is quicker, less expensive and less painful than battling in court. But, how valid are the claims of mediation's wide-ranging benefits? Borrowing from the experiences and methods of psychotherapy research, the authors offer an engaging, highly informative critique of family mediation practice and research to reveal how much more needs to be done.
Legal and mental health professionals involved with families in divorce will gain a clear understanding of the substantial research opportunities in the field, results of which have direct impact on social policies. It contains a discussion of the relevant legal and psychological concepts, followed by a step-by-step description of the assessment process from preparing for the evaluation to writing the report and testifying in court.
McCann Given the increasing incarceration rates and mental health problems among adolescents, there is a growing need for practitioners to be able to assess the accuracy of adolescents' self-reports. This book provides forensic psychologists and clinicians with interviewing techniques and strategies; psychological testing approaches; and insight into professional, legal, and ethical issues relative to the assessment of the reports of these troubled adolescents.
Both a psychologist and an attorney, Dr. McCann maintains that there is a wide variety of reasons for deception among adolescents, requiring a careful review of case history and treatment context. Thoughtful discussion of the significance and classification of malingering and deception, illuminating case examples, and analysis of applications in clinical and forensic settings make this compassionate yet practical examination of adolescent deception a singular resource for clinicians, forensic psychologists, psychiatrists and attorneys who specialize in representing juveniles.
Double Jeopardy: Adolescent Offenders with Mental Disorders By Thomas Grisso Nearly two-thirds of adolescent offenders currently held in juvenile justice facilities across the United States meet the criteria for one or more mental disorders — a fact that has many parents, healthcare providers, and legislatures wondering about our mental health systems for children.
Have these systems failed so badly that we must arrest our children for crimes in order for them to receive help? Grisso carefully evaluates the threefold obligations of the juvenile justice system: as a custodian of children with health needs, a legal system promoting fairness in youth adjudication, and protector of public safety. Double Jeopardy provides a scientific and practical foundation for lawmakers, judges, attorneys and mental health care professionals, as well as researchers in mental health and adolescent development.
These volumes offer invaluable guidance for anyone involved in conducting or using forensic evaluations. Cutler Eyewitness testimony is highly compelling in a criminal trial, and can have an indelible impact on jurors. However, two decades of research on the subject have shown us that eyewitnesses are sometimes wrong, even when they are highly confident that they are making correct identifications.
This book brings together an impressive group of researchers and practicing attorneys to provide current overviews and critiques of key topics in eyewitness testimony. Daniel Lassiter and Christian A. Meissner Although it is generally believed that wrongful convictions based on false confessions are relatively rare — the Central Park jogger "wilding" case being the most notorious example — recent exonerations of the innocent through DNA testing are increasing at a rate that few in the criminal justice system might have speculated.
This book brings together a group of renowned scholars and practitioners in the fields of social psychology, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, criminology, clinical-forensic psychology and law to examine three salient dimensions of false confessions: interrogation tactics and the problem of false confessions; review of Supreme Court decisions regarding Miranda warnings and custodial interrogations; and new research on juvenile confessions and deception in interrogative interviews.
Chapters include well-recognized programs of research on the topics of interrogative interviewing, false confessions, the detection of deception in forensic interviews, individual differences and clinical-forensic evaluations. The book concludes with policy recommendations to attenuate the institutional and social psychological persistence and pervasiveness of the various inducements and impediments that have informed law enforcement's interrogation techniques and the types of false confessions they encourage.
Cutler Over the last several decades over citizens convicted of major felonies were found innocent and were exonerated. Today, thanks to the work of psychologists and other criminal justice researchers, the psychological foundations that underlie conviction of the innocent are becoming clear. There is real hope that these findings can lead to positive reforms, reduce the risk of miscarriages of justice, and avoid the consequences of wrongful convictions to victims and society.
In this book, the editor presents a state-of-the-field review of current psychological research on conviction of the innocent. Chapter authors investigate how the roles played by suspects, investigators, eyewitnesses and trial witnesses, and how pervasive systemic issues contribute to conspire to increase the risk of conviction of the innocent.
The chapters examine psychological perspectives on such topics as police interrogations, confessions, eyewitness identification, trial procedures, juries and forensic science, as well as broader issues such as racism and tunnel vision within the justice system. Lieberman and Bruce D. Sales Given the importance of trial consultants to the modern day practice of law, Scientific Jury Selection is designed to be informative for psychologists, other professionals interested in trial consulting e.
The authors provide a thorough review of the most common techniques used to select jurors, and a critical evaluation of the ultimate effectiveness of these methods. This critique is based upon an examination of the social science literature. Psychologists and other social scientists as well as practicing trial consultants who read the book should gain a better understanding of the current state of research relevant to scientific jury selection, and areas where new research needs to be conducted to advance the field.
Attorneys who read the book should be better able to decide whether or not to hire consultants to assist in future litigation, and if so, what types of services these consultants should provide. Klein and Gregory Mitchell While scholars in the past several decades have made great progress in explaining what judges do, there remains a certain lack of depth to our understanding. This volume grew from a belief that close examination of the psychological processes underlying judicial decision making can greatly enrich this understanding. The collected essays map ways of incorporating key concepts and findings from psychology into the study of judging.
The first section of the book takes as its starting point the fact that judges make many of the same judgments and decisions that ordinary people make and considers how our knowledge about judgment and decision-making in general applies to the case of legal judges. In the second section, chapters focus on the specific tasks that judges perform within a unique social setting and examine the expertise and particular modes of reasoning that judges develop to deal with their tasks in this unique setting.
Finally, the third section raises questions about whether and how we can evaluate judicial performance, with implications for the possibility of improving judging through the selection and training of judges and structuring of judicial institutions. Together the essays will foster a better understand how judges make decisions, and open new avenues of inquiry into influences on judicial behavior. The content provided above is for informational purposes only. The inclusion of any product, service, vendor or organization does not imply endorsement, recommendation or approval by the APA Practice Organization.
Amazon is a trademark of Amazon. APA maintains an archive of our published material throughout our websites. From time to time, you may come across a page that includes outdated science or missing details that could be improved.
Programmes should have systematic assessment of risk factors, risk management and safety planning. These risks may relate to his past or current behaviour, complicating issues such as mental health states or substance misuse, high-risk situations or victim vulnerabilities. Further, it provides important information on special treatment needs, or guidance as to whether the programme itself is even suitable. Programmes need to consider if they will take on men who show a high level of risk, and in which circumstances they will not work with abusive men.
Since the risk of homicide greatly increases after women separate from their abusers, or whilst they are planning this, particular attention should be paid to risk and safety planning at these times and up to at least 6 months after separation. If possible, as many sources of information as possible should be included, such as police records and information from any other agencies involved.
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Programmes should also contribute to a multi-agency assessment of risk factors, or encourage this if systems are not already present. However, limitations to risk assessment procedures or tools used should be taken into account at all times. Most important is the acknowledgement that risk is not a static phenomenon but one that constantly changes over time Gondolf , partly because risk is subject to so many changeable variables.
For a high standard of work with perpetrators, the process of learning should be considered continual.
The following competencies for facilitators may be considered:. Measures of success should go beyond the stopping of violence alone, and, as Hester and Lilley advise, reports from victims should be collected wherever possible, in order to ascertain whether their perceptions of safety and quality of life has improved. These should be triangulated with other sources. It comprises of questionnaires aimed at men on the programmes and their ex partners, up to five stages during and after the programme and covers the areas listed in the Mirabal Project Westmarland et al. These are as follows:.
Further, programmes should create and implement measures to continuously monitor the quality assurance, internal processes and outcomes of their work. Working with violence perpetrators and victims can be emotionally taxing for staff. Organizations delivering programmes should ensure regular support in order to maintain quality and effectiveness of the programme, and to manage the risks for the staff mental health and functioning.
Regular team sessions and supervision are important measures to ensure this. Programmes should be able to evidence that their intervention does not put the partner and any children in physical or emotional danger or re-traumatise them at all times not just during the sessions. Connor-Smith et al. Hagemann-White et al. Hester et al. A Reader: Second Edition.
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Weisz et al. Children are too often overlooked when speaking about domestic violence, yet they are the most vulnerable to abuse. Setting a sign that we see children and we have their safety at heart, we developed a comprehensive child protection policy, which you can read here.
Principles for perpetrator work A. Aims and objectives of the work The main goal of the work with perpetrators is to increase the safety of the victims of violence. Collaboration with victim support services and intervention systems It is particularly important to cooperate closely with services for women victims and their children to ensure their safety.
This includes, but is not necessarily limited to: society macro — e.
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B Important issues for perpetrator work B. Victim contact and services Generally, there are specific issues that are critical for women whose ex partners have enrolled in a perpetrator programme.
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As such, victim contact and services should cover the following: Make every effort to minimize any risk related to contacting her. Make sure that contact is voluntary for her. Ensure that she is informed about the goals, the content of the programme and about its limitations e. Information about how her ex partner can use the programme attendance to manipulate or further control her. Information on how to access support and safety planning. Be warned if her ex partner drops out of the programme or if facilitators perceive a risk to the her or the children.
Ensure that her needs are respected. Children Children are always directly or indirectly affected by domestic violence and involved in the dynamics related to this. Approaches and attitudes Agencies running perpetrator programmes carry a great responsibility for all those involved. Programmes may also wish to consider the following in their programme design: Domestic violence in same sex relationships; That domestic violence can be a precursor to partner homicide, as such, perpetrator programmes may consider how to highlight their role as a preventative measure; Domestic violence perpetrators causing harm to others: birth outcome, children and other family members; The differences between aggression, violent resistance and coercive control; Assessment for suitability and ongoing procedures for monitoring this; The importance of attention to motivation internal and external ; An understanding of change processes, how to enable participants to change their abusive behaviours and the attitudes that support this, including an understanding of resistance to change.
Risk assessment Programmes should have systematic assessment of risk factors, risk management and safety planning.
Staff competence For a high standard of work with perpetrators, the process of learning should be considered continual. Understand the theoretical approach of the programme. Understand processes of change, and the factors which might support or inhibit this. Basic understanding of substance use and mental health issues. Understand legal responsibilities, confidentiality and all issues relating to risk. Skills: e. Developing and maintaining relationship with clients, including ability to motivate and work with resistance.
Ability to work respectfully, whilst not colluding with abuse or manipulation. Ability to use cultural and linguistic skills in work with diverse population of perpetrators. Responding to verbal and nonverbal presentation, including emotional states. Manage group dynamics. Capacity to assess and monitor suitability. Responding to all aspects of risk and safety issues, including recognising suicidal ideation and risks to partner and children. Recognise the importance of self-reflection, and show capacity to receive and integrate feedback about own work.
Accountability at different levels of the programme. These are as follows: Improved relationships underpinned by respect and effective communication.